julieJulie Bishop is to become the first senior Australian government figure to visit Iran in more than a decade and only the second senior Western leader over that same period, when she travels to Tehran in April.The trip is being viewed as a potential game-changer in the fight against the Sunni-extremist Islamic State organisation, but it could also help unlock lucrative economic opportunities for Australia - reviving a once booming trade in education, wheat, meat, and other areas.

Graphite demand has been identified as an approximately $12 Billion market (USD)
Supply for graphite is generally grouped into two categories:
Flake output share:     49%
Amorphous output share: 50%
Vein output share:      1%
2011 production: 1.14m. tonnes
2012 production: 1.01m. tonnes

Vein Graphite
• Purest form in nature
• Large single crystals
• Purity: 95 – 98% C
• Occurs in large lumps
• <1% of world output

Flake Graphite

• High quality, quite common
• Occurs as small flakes, specs
• Purity: 85-95% C
•49% of world graphite output

Amorphous (micro-crystalline)

• Low quality, common
• Associated with coal mines (meta-coal)
• Purity: 70-85% C
• Biggest producers: China, Mexico
• 50% of world graphite output
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Brown Fused Alumina
Brown Fused Alumina is a dense material produced from bauxite raw material which is fused in an electric arc furnace. This product is from a high quality consistent Chinese source. The end product has a low iron content making it particularly valuable in refractory applications.
Brown Fused Alumina is utilised within the refractory industry for the manufacture of high alumina fired and monolithic refractory products like bricks and pre-cast shapes. To obtain a smooth surface finish when investment casting the foundry industry incorporates this material within the process. Within the abrasive industry Brown Fused Alumina is a valuable addition to products like abrasive papers.

White Fused Alumina
White Fused Alumina is produced by fusing calcined alumina in an electric arc furnace under carefully controlled conditions. It is white in color, a dense mineral and has predominantly large crystals of Alpha Alumina.
White Fused Alumina is widely used in the refractory industry as it is a very pure low iron alumina suitable for a range of applications.  Specific refractory applications include high tech refractory castables, isostatic pressed refractories and pre-cast refractory shapes. The benefits of White Fused Alumina in these applications are that it has a very high alumina content, low impurities and stability at high temperatures.
Application Magnesite 723x365
Dead burned magnesia
Dead burned magnesia includes regular-grade burned magnesia, mid-grade burned
magnesia and high-purity burned magnesia.

Regular-grade dead burned magnesia

The mid-grade burned magnesia is made from magnesite calcined in the shaft kiln. They
are widely used to produce unshaped refractory, which can be used as the underlay of
open-hearth furnace and electric furnace.

Mid-grade burned magnesia

The mid-grade magnesia is made from the caustic burned magnesia 95-97% which were
pressed and calcined in shaft kiln. The materials can be used as the raw material of
magnesia products. The mid-grade burned magnesia is classified into coal-burned and
oil-burned mid-grade magnesia, depending on different fuel.

High-purity magnesia

The raw material of high-purity magnesite is selected from super-grade magnesite, and it
is made through the processes of the flotation, purity, fine-grinding, briquette and high
temperature calcined in oil shaft kilns. It is the excellent raw material to produce magnesia
bricks and unshaped refractory material. MgO 97.5-98% B.D 3.30g/cm3 C/S>2.

Fused magnesia

The material of fused magnesia sinter is selected from special grade-A magnesite or
high-purity caustic calcined magnesite, which is fused in arc furnace. The fused magnesia
is excellent for its high purity, big crystalline grain and compact texture and high
heat-vibration steady and cinder corrosion resistant. It is used to make high quality

Australia is one of the world’s top six copper producers with substantial copper resources. Australia currently produces about 900 kilotonne of copper metal a year, about six per cent of world copper production, making it the sixth largest producer after Chile, Peru, the USA, China and Indonesia. Australia exports about 1800 kilotons of copper concentrate and 300 kilotons of refined copper a year, worth about $6 billion a year and making it one of Australia's 10 most valuable commodity exports. The major markets for Australia’s copper exports are China, India, Japan and Korea
Australia is one of the world’s major iron ore producers.  Australia’s iron ore production in 2009 was 393.9 Mt and exports were valued at $30 billion.

Australia’s Economic Demonstrated Resources (EDR) of iron ore are around 28 billion tonnes and world EDR of iron ore totals 168 billion with Australia accounting for 16.7 per cent just behind Ukraine with17.9 per cent and ahead of Russia with14.9 percent, China with 13.1 percent and Brazil with 9.5 percent. However, China is the largest iron ore producer followed by Australia, Brazil and India.

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European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton announced an historic agreement has been reached in the Geneva talks between leading world powers and Iran over that country's disputed nuclear program.

"After intense negotiations, we have reached agreement today on a joint plan of action which sets out an approach toward reaching a long-term, comprehensive solution," Ashton said, reading a joint statement. "We agreed that the process leading to this comprehensive solution will include a first step of intial, reciprical measures to be taken by both sides for a duration of six months."

1329816The far north of Queensland is stabilized to cash in on a quickly developing demand for exports of beef, cattle and diary into Asian countries.

Moreover, according to local farmers, the district is more than adequate and capable of victualling for high-priced, niche markets for several countries in Asia such as China, Hong Kong, etc.
The industry of weighty lamb is evolving favourably as one to watch.
A question mark is not only postponing local supplies but global tendency into the high-value US market.
As prices in cents-per-kilogram terms haven't indeed favoured heavy lambs in last seasons, there are several indications and marks this tendency could shift, especially in the more arduous periods of autumn and winter.
Beforehand in this spring, prices of carcass weight of heavy lambs (+22 kg) have been following greater than for trade or supermarket lambs that are a reversal of the tendency recorded 12 months ago.